Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over and to encourage improving their health. This kind of activity moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental intervention. The Unit 29 Health Promotion Assignment Jane and Peter will undertake the case of Jane and Peter and explain the effect of socio-economic influence on the unborn child of both and discuss the reason as well the possible barriers to Jane and Peter health care. In the next task report will analyze the link between government strategies and model of health promotion and explain the role of different professional in health and social care. Moreover, it will explain health belief related to theory of health behaviour and explain the importance of information considering the case scenario.
1.1 Effect of socio-economic influence
According to given scenario, of a 16-year-old girl named Jane and her 17-year-old partner name Peter. They are both smokers and drinkers. Recently they found out that Jane is three months pregnant. Jane and Peter both left school at age 15. They both live in council flats with their parents in Redbridge. Jane lives with her mother and Peter lives with both his parents who have a history of substance abuse. Jane currently works 16 hours a week in a Business supermarket and Peter is currently unemployed. In addition to this, socio-economic factors have significant impact on the life of Jane and Peter as well on the unborn child. Following are the key factors:
- Disposable income: According to given scenario, both of them are not much capable of spending as the level of income is low. This is being considered as one of the most effecting socio-economic influencing factor that has significant impact on the health of both Jane and Peter as well on the unborn child (Nutbeam.et.al. 2010). In addition to this, both are drinker which also major cause for health issue especially for Jane who was just 16 years old. Shortage of disposable income will also affect the health as lack of proper diet will lead to serious health problem for Peter, Jane and their unborn child.
- Unemployment: Peter is unemployed and Jane is working but in case of pregnancy she will not able to work which means both of them were get unemployed and create issues for unborn child. Unemployment will increase the difficulties to get the proper nutrition required for mother. In medical terms the lack of quality food during the pregnancy will be the major cause of health issues that will affect the body of Jane and unborn child.
- Life style: According to case, both are drinker in this young age that will have negative impact on the health of child and Jane. The lifestyle of both is very complicated as at this young age Jane and Peter are involve in high level of drinking and smoking which is not good for the health (Lloyd-Jones.et.al. 2010). This kind of life style will be due to lack of education and lack of monitoring of parents.
1.2 Relevance of government resources such as reports/research on inequalities in health
Health inequalities are been mainly defined as the differences in the health status among the different groups of population. It has been found that there are immense numbers of reasons of the inequalities in health. The inequalities in health could be generally experienced due to the racial group, geographical area, social class, gender, etc. In addition to this, in the present days poverty is been considered to be the major reason of the health inequalities. As per the given case, it has been seen that there are various governmental resources on health inequalities which helps in gaining the enhanced knowledge about the same. Some of the most common governmental resources are: The black report (1980), the health divide (1987), the Acheson report, Scotland health survey 2003, health and lifestyle survey, etc. These reports and researches plays a significant role as they provide with the adequate amount of information and data related to the inequalities in the health (Lewis, 2015).
The reports had identified the facts and figures about various incidents of inequalities in health and had also facilitated in gaining the enhanced knowledge out of it. It has been also found that these resources had facilitated in identifying the issues of the health inequalities in the country. It also helps in analyzing the lifestyles of the people and the health records regardless of any specific classes. For instance, The Black report had recognized that the health conditions in UK have been improvement but is not equal in all the social classes. Along with this, it has been found that these governmental resources helps in collecting the most relevant aspects related to inequalities in health and adopt the required measures to mitigate from the same.
1.3 Reasons and possible barriers for Jane and Peter accessing health care
By referring the given scenario, it is being considered that both Jane and Peter is drinker in the early age as well not having the earning to meet the needs to live a good life. According to analysis of case following reasons and possible barriers have been identified for accessing the health care:
- Education level: For having the access of health care it is essential for individual to have knowledge and education about the consequences of drinking and early age pregnancy. Being a health care specialist, I would consider that lack of knowledge is the major reason for both to access the health care facilities as well avoid the activities that going to be harm the health of both.
- Social environment: For an individual or community, impact of social environment has significant contribution in accessing the health care services and knowledge about the activities that could hamper the current state of health using the alcohol as well the early age sexual activities (Street.et.al. 2013). Hence, it is being considered that the social environment in which Jane and Peter are living could be major barrier in accessing the health care services.
- Lifestyle: According to observation it is been carried out that, life style of UK would also be a major reason for accessing health care as the individual attitude, belief and daily activities affects the health. In the case of Jane and Peter, there life style is not according to age standard they are addicted to alcohol and living in private household where the parents do not having any interfere to know what the children are exactly doing (Du Pré, 2010). This kind of life style and attitude is creating barriers in accessing the health and social care.
2.1 Analysis of link between government strategy and model of health promotion
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health according to proposed standard that helps them to maintain the effectiveness. Health promotion is sum of health education and healthy public policy that has been proposed by the government and national health care organizations. For increasing the awareness about the consequences of alcohol and early age pregnancy government of UK has started the campaign as well organizing the vaccination programmes. For example, National Institute for Clinical Excellence is developing the strategy to overcome the addiction of alcohol in young population like Jane and Peter which will help to promote the benefits of good health to avoid the critical health issues. In addition to this, the government of UK is following the health promotion models like Beattie’s to acknowledge that health promotion is embedded in wider social and cultural practices that a particular region follows (Thompson and Kumar, 2011). By using this model the government organizations are analyzing the current and past activities to promote the strategy like campaign, offering the services and personal counselling for creating the awareness.
According to evaluation of model and government approaches it is been carried out that health care professionals are working in a top down following the legislative actions and health persuasion techniques. For the given scenario, this kind of activities and techniques considering the Beattie model are effective as their aim is to protect individual and community. In addition to this for people like Jane and Peter the strategy that has been proposed by government along with model of Beattie will help to promote the health care awareness. In spite of that, personal counselling of Jane and Peter would be more effective and seek to empower to understand the value of health as well avoid the issues like high blood pressure during the pregnancy (Wakefield.et.al. 2010). The government is using the three major systems of Beattie model for promoting the health that includes motivation, belief and normative for change and protect the health of individual. Hence, it is been considered that these kind of policy and strategy of government is helpful for people like Jane and Peter to gain the understanding of health care and avoid such things.
2.2 Role of different professionals in health and social care for health promotion
For health promotion and implementation of strategy as well the model the role of health professional is critical that helps to gain the real time feedback and reaction of target groups to achieve the desired outcome. Apart from that, promotion of health care is being affected by the behaviour, perception and needs of individual. The effectiveness of health care professional majorly depends on the ability, decision making, personal understanding and control. According to given case of Jane and Peter role of health professionals like nurses, public health information worker, educators and school nurses have significant contribution in the promotional planning and strategy about drinking and early age pregnancy. Following are the key role of health care professionals that link to case:
- Teen-age pregnancy co-ordinator: For the given scenario, Jane is having three months pregnancy at the age of 16 and addicted to alcohol which could be dangerous for both child and mother. The pregnancy co-ordinator will help Jane to gain the knowledge about the limitations and health care activities during this period of time to increased understanding about the contraceptive and sexual health advice that would be beneficial for her to use percussion (Cecchini.et.al. 2010). The intervention related to drug and different environment and life style would be the major factors that going to be highlighted by the care professional to Jane that will help to support her in this situation and establish the positive mindset to face the issues.
- Drinking cessation advisor: Dinking in teen-age is increasing in UK with significant rate that would be major issues for early age cancer, pregnancy consequences and other health issues. In order to promote the health and awareness about the drinking role of drinking cessation advisor would be critical for Jane and Peter’s case. The health care professional will provide personal counselling to both about the impact and long terms consequences of drinking alcohol. This kind of approach and activity of health care professionals will help to overcome the use of alcohol at early age and will support to promote the health benefits.
2.3 Role of routines in promoting healthy living
Daily routine of individual has significant impact on the healthy living and helps to deal with the stress and activities to meet the healthy living standard. For the individual in the current scenario, role of routine is critical as the level of stress and work pressure as well the life style is decreasing the standard of healthy living. For the given case, daily routines of Jan and Peter has the major impact on the current poor health situation of both as the use of alcohol and sexual activities in the early age would lead to depression and other health issues which may have the lifelong impact (Frieden, 2010). According to healthy routine aspects like good habit, behaviour and approach of individual to perform the daily tasks which are beneficial for health. A standard routine for healthy living involve the elements like early wakeup, breakfast, positive behaviour, low stress, sound sleep and control over the emotions which affect the health.
According to case Jane and Peter are not following any specific routine that that helps to maintain the healthy living and process to meet the young age health standard as both of them are addicted to smoking and drinking as well having the sexual relation at the age of 16 and 17. This kind of routine is not good for healthy living and could have long term impact of body of Jane as she is 3 month pregnant. In addition to this, shortage of disposable income and the lifestyle of both is very complicated as at this young age Jane and Peter are involve in high level of drinking and smoking which is not good for the health (Mhurchu.et.al. 2010). This kind of life style will be due to lack of education and lack of monitoring of parents. Hence, it is been considered that daily routine of individual has direct impact on the healthy living.
3.1 Use of health belief and translated theories of health behaviour
The health belief of individual has the significant influence of culture and religious practices that promoted by parents, teacher and friends. In addition to this for promotion of health the past experience also considered as key elements. According to health behavioural theory the health belief model of understanding human behaviour consider the following factors that need to communicate to Jane and Peter:
- Attitude: It define through positive and negative feeling of person engaging in the health promotion and organisation behaviour towards own health
- Subjective norms: The knowledge about the standard of influence of social and economical environment the majorly derived through families belief and media conceptions
- Perceived behavioural control: For health belief the behaviour of individual like Jane and Peter has significant influence on the health promotional and daily activities to maintain the health.
Stages of change model:
In order to maintain the health behaviour, it is been proposed to Jan and Peter to consider the following stages for controlling and managing the behaviour:
- Pre-contemplation: This stage of health behaviour involves the elements like unsuccessful attempts for changes undertaking the reading, talking or thinking about the high risk behaviour (Lewis, 2015). Jane and Peter are lacking in enthusiasm that leading them to unhealthy behaviour.
- Contemplation: According to model this stage of change in behaviour influences the people to make changes in the behaviour. By going under this stage people like Jane and Peter will able to gain the knowledge about the pro and cons of drinking and pregnancy at young age (Rongen.et.al. 2013). Moreover it helps to analyze the actions to improve the health behaviour.
- Preparation: Preparation is the stage in which people intend to take action in the immediate future, usually measured through changes in the behaviour and awareness about the health issues following the direction of counsellor.
- Action: To avoid the impact of early age pregnancy and assess use of alcohol, follow up of action is being required for Jane. By undertaking the perception of health care professionals and considered the acceptable actions the health behaviour of both could be improved.
- Replace: If the proposed plan is not working and affecting the behaviour of individual the change model suggest making changes in the counselling and identifying the new approaches for encouraging the health behaviour.
- Maintenance: According to model, this stage helps to make the specific overt modifications in the lifestyle of individual (Nutbeam.et.al.2010). It will be beneficial for Jane and Peter to follow the guideline and maintain the standard of health behaviour for future and do not apply changes frequently.
3.2 Possible effect of potential conflicts with the local industry
For the promotion of health, there are various conflict issues that have significant impact on the process of achieving the outcome. For example, ban over the sale of alcohol under the age of 18 is creating the situation of conflicts with the local alcohol industry. In addition to this, changes in the lifestyle and behaviour of young generation has significant impact on the health promotion activities which is leading to worst health conditions of young people like Jane and Peter. For an individual or community, impact of social environment has significant contribution in accessing the health care services and knowledge about the activities that could hamper the current state of health using the alcohol as well the early age sexual activities (Thompson and Kumar, 2011). Hence, it is being considered that the social environment in which Jane and Peter are living could be major barrier in accessing the health care service as well having the negative impact on the local industry.
3.3 Importance of providing health related information
According to current socio-economic environment, it is very important for young generation to have the knowledge about the consequences of using alcohol and early age sexual activities. By considering the case of Jane and Peter it is been recommended to health care organization and education centres to offering the all significant information about the health promotional activities which influence the understanding of young people. For example, the health care personal and professional needs to provide personal counselling to both Jane and Peter about the impact and long terms consequences of drinking alcohol (Frieden, 2010). This kind of approach and activity of health care professionals will help to overcome the use of alcohol at early age and will support to promote the health benefits. For instance, The Black report had recognized that the health conditions in UK have been improvement but is not equal in all the social classes. Along with this, it has been found that these governmental resources helps in collecting the most relevant aspects related to inequalities in health and adopt the required measures to mitigate from the same.
From the above Unit 29 Health Promotion Assignment Jane and Peter, it can be considered that health promotion is much needed activity according to current health awareness of young people. The changes in the lifestyle, vast differences in economic standard and curiosity about the sexual activity are affecting the health standard. Report has explained the effects of socio-economic influence and provided the reasons of not accessing the health care services. Moreover, it has analyzed the link between government strategy and Beattie model to promote the health and discussed about the role of routines with respect to Jane and Peter. At the end, report has explained with examples the importance of providing information about the health promotion.
Books and journals
Cecchini, M., Sassi, F., Lauer, J.A., Lee, Y.Y., Guajardo-Barron, V. and Chisholm, D., 2010. Tackling of unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and obesity: health effects and cost-effectiveness. The Lancet, 376(9754), pp.1775-1784.
Du Pré, A., 2010. Communicating about health: current issues and perspectives.
Frieden, T.R., 2010. A framework for public health action: the health impact pyramid. American journal of public health, 100(4), pp.590-595.
Lewis, S., 2015. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Health promotion practice, p.1524839915580941.
Lloyd-Jones, D.M., Hong, Y., Labarthe, D., Mozaffarian, D., Appel, L.J., Van Horn, L., Greenlund, K., Daniels, S., Nichol, G., Tomaselli, G.F. and Arnett, D.K., 2010. Defining and setting national goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction the American Heart Association’s Strategic Impact Goal through 2020 and beyond. Circulation, 121(4), pp.586-613.
Mhurchu, C.N., Aston, L.M. and Jebb, S.A., 2010. Effects of worksite health promotion interventions on employee diets: a systematic review. BMC public health, 10(1), p.1.
Nutbeam, D., Harris, E. and Wise, W., 2010. Theory in a nutshell: a practical guide to health promotion theories (pp. no-no). McGraw-Hill.
Rongen, A., Robroek, S.J., van Lenthe, F.J. and Burdorf, A., 2013. Workplace health promotion: a meta-analysis of effectiveness. American journal of preventive medicine, 44(4), pp.406-415.
Street, R.L., Gold, W.R. and Manning, T.R., 2013. Health promotion and interactive technology: Theoretical applications and future directions. Routledge.
Unit 29 Health Promotion Assignment Jane and Peter will undertake effect of socio-economic influence on the unborn child of both and discuss the reason as well the possible barriers to Jane and Peter health care, We are posting units solutions so scholars can explore the our Assignment Help in UK and get review the quality of our work.